Ann Arbor (dpa) – rustling leaves, budding green and the scent of pine needles: in spring, many people are drawn to the forest.
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Even a short walk there can help significantly reduce stress, confirms a study by the University of Michigan in the United States. According to this, 20 minutes a day in the country is enough to noticeably reduce the level of stress hormones. The researchers speak in the specialist magazine "Frontiers in Psychology" from one "Natural pill".
"We already know that spending time in nature reduces stress"says ecologist and lead author Mary Carol Hunter. "So far, however, it was unclear how long and how often one should go into nature and also what kind of nature experience is useful for us." The investigation has now shown that just 20 to 30 minutes in an environment that gives you a feeling of nature is enough to effectively lower the cortisol level in the body.Sauerland: Fatal accident in the sawmill: employee trapped Podcast about IS: "New York Times" falls on impostor Series of breakdowns: cosmonauts fight against air leaks on the ISS From Biontech and Moderna: Germany is getting more vaccination doses than previously known
Cortisol, also known as the stress hormone, is made in the adrenal cortex and broken down in the liver. Permanently elevated cortisol levels, for example due to chronic stress, are associated with obesity, a weakened immune system, cardiovascular disorders, depression and a number of other diseases.
The University of Michigan scientists had a group of 36 volunteers on a regular basis "Natural pill" prescribed: The researchers mean at least three walks a week in nature lasting ten minutes or more. Before, during and after the experiment, the participants’ cortisol levels were determined by analyzing a saliva sample.
The volunteers were able to choose the day, the duration and the location of their nature experience themselves so that it suited their individual lifestyle. However, you had to minimize some stress factors: "You should take the natural pill in daylight, avoid exercise, and avoid social media, the internet, phone calls, conversations, and reading", says Hunter.
The investigation showed that just 20 minutes of nature experience was enough to significantly lower the cortisol level. The stress hormone was reduced most when the participants spent around 20 to 30 minutes sitting or walking in the country. The researchers now hope that their experiment will prove the effectiveness of the "Natural pill" underlines: as an inexpensive therapeutic means to contain the negative effects of urban life, which many spend in closed rooms and in front of screens.
"Physicians could use our results as an evidence-based rule of thumb for what to prescribe a "Natural pill" must be included", summarizes Hunter.https://123helpme.me/argumentative-essay-topics/ The data join a growing number of studies that prove the positive effects of a stay in nature or especially a forest walk. As early as 1984, the Swedish researcher Roger Ulrich found that just looking at trees had a positive effect: Patients who looked out of the hospital window at greenery after an operation needed fewer painkillers and recovered more quickly.
In 2015, the American environmental psychologist Marc Berman added that the number of trees in a residential area affects the health of the residents. Those who lived in greener areas suffered less from cardiovascular diseases or diabetes. Previously, a Japanese study had shown that regular, long walks in the woods increased the number of natural killer cells, a subgroup of white blood cells and part of the human immune system.
In Japan that is "Shinrin-yoku", so that "Bathing in the forest", even part of state health care, "Forest medicine" has been a separate branch of research at Japanese universities since 2012. Research is also carried out here into exactly which factors are responsible for the positive health effects. It is still unclear whether it is due to the air in the forest or the special vegetation.
Does it make a difference whether you are walking through a Japanese or German forest? You can try it yourself on Usedom at least since 2017: Here is the first certified spa and healing forest in Germany, on the operator’s website as "Nature pharmacy" designated.
Several civilians were injured in a grenade attack on French soldiers in Burkina Faso. The incident occurred shortly before the arrival of French President Emmanuel Macron.
Unknown people attacked a vehicle of the French army in the capital Ouagadougou with a grenade and injured three passers-by, according to security circles on Tuesday night. One of the passers-by was seriously injured. Two masked men threw the grenade from a passing motorcycle.
The French military vehicle was the target of the attack, but was not hit, it said. It was en route to a barracks for French special forces in the capital of Burkina Faso. The asphalt at the site of the attack was torn and a badly damaged car could be seen.
The incident reportedly took place on Monday evening – a few hours before Macron’s arrival. Ouagadougou is the first stop on the President’s multi-day trip to Africa. Late in the evening he was greeted by Burkina Faso’s President Roch Marc Christian Kabore in Ouagadougou.
Macron praised the country as "Symbol for the democratic hopes of the youth of Africa". A popular uprising in Burkina Faso in 2014 led to the resignation of long-time ruler Blaise Campaoré.Macron recognizes this immediately: Macron smells the smell of cannabis. Visit to French Guiana: Macron statement triggers uproar President in need of explanation: Macron makes disparaging remarks about the unemployed
Macron wants to travel to the neighboring country Ivory Coast on Wednesday. A European-African summit is taking place there. The last stop on his journey is to be Ghana.
Happy country that has no other problems: ARD is looking for happiness and Günther Jauch initiated the corresponding theme week. "Life is a matter of luck – what does it really matter?" was the title of the TV evening. But grumpiness is a master from Germany. What was obvious was talked to and dissected until nothing was left but a cloud of dismay. Only a little boy saved the evening halfway. Anke Engelke burst her collar because of fussy objections from Jauch.
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Engelke gave Jauch a lot of trouble because of his noxious fussyness. She reacted particularly sloppily when the conversation turned to a happily married couple for 60 years and Jauch lamented about the many problems that can arise in a partnership. Engelke went too far. The entertainer simply imitated the presenter and explained: "That sounds stupid!"
One of her good moments was also: "Maybe we humans don’t like the simple"that it is better to shut down than to inflate yourself. The viewer wanted this knowledge to be implemented immediately.
Because hair was split in clumps. The measurement of feelings of happiness via magnetic resonance tomography in the brain was discussed. According to a survey, Togo is the most unhappy country in the world, in Europe it is Bulgaria; Germany is in the top third of luck.
But obviously all of Germany has now forgotten how to be happy – why else does the republic need a Grand Master Günther Jauch who whispers their worries to the disturbed citizens at the media campfire? And why else did Anke Engelke have to swarm out to explain or even find happiness? Perhaps the citizens have even forgotten how to laugh – Therapy Republic of Germany.
Jauch constructed his theme according to this style. And so the usual protagonists gathered in the traveling media circus: In addition to Engelke, the inevitable television doctor Eckart von Hirschhausen joked with wisdom that was not always successful. So he said: "It’s easy to be happy, but difficult to be easy."
Of course, the bad pressure to perform and the bad competition between people had to be denounced. Engelke even praised an egalitarian commune that she visited over the green clover.
Everything is shared in the community, everyone helps everyone, there is no money. Heavenly. But why doesn’t Engelke live there? In the meantime, in view of the constantly strained misfortune, one thought kept coming up: I’m fine – what’s the matter with me?
The two media art products Engelke and von Hirschhausen seemed out of place next to people who were really badly affected by fate. Samuel Koch, for example, who has been with him since his failed stunt "Bet that" is paraplegic in December 2010 – he has to fight hard for every moment of happiness.
Or Juliane Koepcke, who crashed in a plane in Peru at Christmas 1971 at the age of 17 and was the only one of 92 people to survive. She had to watch her father break up inside, because her mother was also on the plane.
The poignant highlight of the show was a clip from a children’s cancer ward with 11-year-old Tobias Klein, who had leukemia – Jauch could have saved everything else. Engelke met the boy there for her film "Something like luck".
Tobias knew that he had no chance, but managed to create his own little moments of happiness – for example playing mini golf – and remained brave: "Howling doesn’t work. […] For some, life is over faster, for others it isn’t."
Tobias died two months ago. Mother Kerstin Klein, too, who was torn from under her feet, as she said herself, is sometimes just happy about a sunny day: "There’s no point in wallowing in self-pity."
There it is, the thematic core: happiness doesn’t just fall into your lap, it can be forced. Put more simply, don’t worry, live. Or in Party People New German: "You only live once" ("You only live once").Max Planck Institute: Life expectancy depends on education and wealth Number three worldwide: Club of Billionaires is also growing in Germany Prosperity ranking: USA out of 20 richest nations
But you don’t need a talk show to get this insight. And so the little luck also means saying goodbye to a largely trivial evening watching TV by remote control.
In future, the Numerus Clausus will no longer decide who is allowed to study medicine. Eckart von Hirschhausen, himself a doctor, has a clear opinion on the subject.
The Federal Constitutional Court has ruled that the allocation of medical study places according to the NC violates equal opportunities for students. High school graduates who may be well suited to medicine but have bad grades in arts or religion, for example, should no longer suffer when it comes to the allocation of university places.
Eckart von Hirschhausen: The doctor is the founder of the foundation "HUMOR HELPS HEALING". (Source: Paul Ripke)
The moderator and comedian Eckart von Hirschhausen had no problems finding a place to study. On the contrary: he studied with a scholarship at the Free University of Berlin, was also at the University of Heidelberg and at the Royal Free Hospital in London. He still considers the decision to tilt the NC to be sensible.
"The future of medicine is communicative and team-oriented", he explains to t-online.de. "This takes more than good grades. The country needs new doctors and academically trained nurses! And each of us sooner or later."FINALLY!
Today is the premiere of my new program “ENDLICH” in Berlin. And the advance booking for many new dates starts, also in 2019: http://hirschhausen.com/tour/alle-termine.phpPosted by Eckart von Hirschhausen on Tuesday, December 19, 2017 62,000 applicants with 11,000 places: Questions and answers on the Numerus Clausus judgment Selection procedure overturned: Abitur grades alone do not make medical professionals Numerus Clausus judgment: ” This does not clear the whole problem ” ‘
Von Hirschhausen is not only a doctor, but also a comedian. True to the motto "Humor helps heal", he travels through the country and wants to bring his audience closer to complex topics in an entertaining way. He is currently with "Finally – the new program" on tour.
With all the other candidates he leaned a long way out of the window, but as the trained doctor Eckart von Hirschhausen himself on the little chair in the celebrity edition of "Who Wants To Be A Millionaire?" sat, he gradually ran out of breath. But that didn’t stop him from gambling.
For example, von Hirschhausen had in the round of counseling between the sports moderators Jörg and Laura Wontorra pulled on a medical colleague. The Wontorras had used the doctor as a telephone joker, but the medical question could not be answered correctly by him. Von Hirschhausen was not surprised and he said ironically: "Surgeons are people who wonder how much you can get out of a person without them dying."
Von Hirschhausen was also happy to add his mustard to the other prominent candidates from the second row. In addition to him and the Wontorras, ex-handball national player Stefan Kretzschmar and comedian Ralf Schmitz were guests of the popular rate show.
The prominent candidates at "Who Wants To Be A Millionaire?": Stefan Kretzschmar, Jörg and Laura Wontorra, Eckart von Hirschhausen, moderator Günther Jauch, Ralf Schmitz (from left). (Source: RTL / Stefan Gregorowius)
Finally, the doctor and moderator took a seat across from Günther Jauch himself – and suddenly became very meek. He looked unsure of some questions and eventually even complained: "But it is much more difficult than with the others, Mr Jauch."